Toraja, an area in South Sulawesi which has a myriad of traditions. This tradition from our ancestors that has been passed down through generations has not been eroded by modernization and technology. All aspects of their life cannot be separated from the teachings of their ancestors, the Toraja people know the name Aluk Ta Dolo, or the teachings and religion of their ancestors.
But now Aluk Ta Dolo has mixed with common religions recognized by the government. Vagi Toraja people, whatever religion they profess now, the teachings of their ancestors or Aluk Ta Dolo are still preserved.
We cannot separate death from belief, let alone the Toraja people. Toraja is known for its series of Rambu Solok rituals. This Torajan-style burial is closely related to luxury and also sacrifice that reaches deep into the pocket.
This inherent stigma has been attached to Indonesian society and even the world. Rambu Solok aims to deliver the deceased from the world to the realm of eternity or the Toraja people call it the Puya world, which we can simplify as the afterlife.
The stigma attached to it assumes that the Toraja people are willing to waste their wealth just for funerals, while working and trying in the real world just to prepare for this. However, for the Toraja people who really live the culture and carry out this tradition, this is not a problem and also a compulsion, but it is a life journey that they choose and live by.
The Toraja people and their Solok signs are indeed inseparable, but these Solok Rambu still have their respective classes and adjust the position or title of the deceased. The higher their position, usually they can sacrifice 12 or 24 buffalo, which they know as Rapasan or the highest funeral level and sacrifice the most buffalo, not to mention that each buffalo has different functions to deliver the deceased to the Puya realm. Toraja society also adjusts to economic conditions and social strata, and does not always have to be luxurious.
There is a funeral ceremony with the simplest level, namely the Dedekan Palungan, which is only tapping the pork trough or the pig eating place as a sign that they do not have anything, there is also Kambuturan Padang which is dredging the ground with the heel and then burying it again for the mother who had a miscarriage, and There is also a Disilik or Passiliran cemetery, which is eating for babies who have not yet grown teeth, so bury the babies by entering them into a cempedak tree and then covering them with palm fibers. Each funeral has its own meaning.
Toraja have their own way of appreciating death and the transition from the world to the afterlife, they not only live it but also interpret it as a tribute to their ancestors and also God.
In addition, Tana Toraja also has a hotel whose buildings are from Tongkonan. The hotel gives the sensation of staying at the original house of Tana Toraja, namely Tongkonan. The hotel is called Misiliana Hotel.
Want to know more about how Toraja’s traditional death ceremony is? Together with Citilink, CXO Media and Marshall Sastra will take you deeper into understanding the customs and traditions of Toraja, you can watch KULTUR: Toraja, Keeping the Traditions of the Ancestors only on the CXO Media YouTube channel!
(akd / ddn)