The feud between Israel and Palestine is entering a ceasefire stage. In fact, the conflict between the two countries has been going on for a long time.
Before the ceasefire was agreed upon, many Palestinians, especially Gazans, died as a result of Israeli attacks. The Gaza Health Ministry, as reported by the AFP news agency, until Friday (21/5/2021), said the number of Gazans who died as a result of the Israeli strikes had grown to 232 people.
Palestine and Israel are in the area between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River. The area labeled Israel on the map contains the city of Jerusalem which is considered sacred by both Palestinian Arabs and Israeli Jews.
Israel’s history of attacking Palestine can be seen in the 1900s, when the territory that was mostly Arab and Muslim was still part of the Ottoman empire.
After World War I Britain received a mandate from the League of Nations to help establish a state for the Jews in the region.
Hundreds of thousands of Jews moved to the area as a Zionist movement. Zionism itself is escaping persecution and establishing its own state on land that is considered the land of forcibly evicted ancestors.
In 1947, the United Nations approved a plan to divide Palestine into two areas, namely for Jews (Israel) and for Arabs (Palestine). But Jerusalem, which is a holy city for both of them, has become a special international zone. However, this never happened.
In brief, the following is the history and beginnings of the Israeli and Palestinian conflict:
1. Early Formation of Israel
The State of Israel was founded around 1948. At that time the Palestinians did not agree with the establishment of the state of Israel until the war broke out.
After the war ended, it turned out that Israel had controlled parts of the former British territory including Jerusalem. Meanwhile, Egypt controls Gaza.
2. Gaza territory is contested
The conflict between the two countries is not over. In 1967, Israel again took the Gaza Strip and the Sinai area to the West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan.
The seizure of this territory resulted in warfare and was the reason Israel attacked Palestine again. Israel offers to return the territory they have captured in exchange, the Arabs must recognize Israel’s right to exist and provide guarantees against future attacks. However, the offer was rejected by the Arab leadership.
3. The White House is pro Israel
Since 2017, then US President Donald Trump has shown himself to be pro Israel. This became more evident when the US embassy in Tel Aviv was moved to Jerusalem. And it is known that the current US President, Joe Biden, secretly sold weapons in the form of bombs worth IDR 10 trillion to Israel.
4. The latest conflict between Israel and Palestine
In May 2021 there was an attack by Israel on the area of the Al-Aqsa mosque complex. And on Monday (17/5), a number of Israeli fighter jets attacked several locations in Gaza City.
The reason Israel attacked Palestine came after Netanyahu signaled that the fourth war with Hamas, which controls Gaza, would continue. Even news agencies such as Al Jazeera and the Associated Press were attacked.
The ceasefire eventually became a path that Israel and Hamas have now agreed to after 11 days of bloody fighting.
According to Hamas, the ceasefire took effect on Friday (21/5) at 02.00 local time. Meanwhile from the Israeli side, through Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, confirmed the ceasefire with Hamas which has taken control of Gaza. Netanyahu accepted Egypt’s proposed ceasefire.
Israel and Palestine agreed on a ceasefire after days of fighting each other. However, not long after that the Israeli police returned to attack Palestine.
As is known, clashes that took place at the Al-Aqsa Mosque during the holy month of Ramadan prompted the Hamas group to demand Israeli troops evacuate the complex on Monday (10/5).
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Watch Video “The Call to Defend Palestine on the Last Day of Ramadan“
(rdy / rdy)