The meaning of religious tolerance can be found by a traveler at Kotagede Mosque, Yogyakarta. The Hindu patterned gate of the mosque is proof of tolerance there.
At noon in the month of Ramadhan, the busy sound of the Kotagede market can be heard clearly mixed with the noise of vehicles passing on Jalan Mondorakan, Banguntapan, Bantul, Yogyakarta.
Meanwhile, exhaust fumes wafted through the air, enveloping the narrow street in front of the market. Between the old shops on the street, an unpretentious alley stretched tens of meters deep.
On either side of it stood traditional Javanese houses with wooden shutters that opened wide to the outside. The alley then ends at a gate like the entrance to a temple.
The fence is made of red bricks with an ornamental step on it, typical of Hindu worship buildings. But as soon as we pass through the gate, we don’t find a temple, but a large mosque with a large yard, shaded by several shady banyan trees and sapodilla trees.
The calm and cool atmosphere immediately envelops the congregation who wants to pray here. The Javanese traditional nuance looks thick in the mosque building in the form of a joglo / limasan.
The foyer and interior of the mosque are supported by large teak pillars, as well as the ceiling, which is hung with several classic-style chandeliers. On the terrace of the mosque, there is a large drum which is hundreds of years old and a kentongan which is still used before the call to prayer as a marker of prayer time.
In addition, what is unique about this mosque is that it is said that palm sugar is used to glue the bricks of the mosque building, instead of using cement.
Historically, Kotagede Mosque is the first mosque in the Yogyakarta area. This mosque was built by Panembahan Senopati, the founder and first king of the Islamic Mataram Kingdom in the 16th century.
At that time most of the people of Yogyakarta and its surroundings still adhered to animism, dynamism or Hinduism. However, it turned out that a group of Hindus were willing to participate in the construction process of the Kotagede mosque.
So as an expression of Panembahan Senopati’s gratitude and tolerance towards Hindus, the mosque gate was designed to resemble the architectural style of a classical Hindu building called Paduraksa.
The practice of this attitude of tolerance is in accordance with the teachings of Sunan Kalijaga, that the spread of Islam should be carried out while respecting the existing culture. Existence of Tombs and Sendang Seliran On the left side of the courtyard of the mosque, there is another gate that leads to the tomb complex of the Islamic Mataram royal family, including the tomb of Panembahan Senopati itself.
To make a pilgrimage to the grave, there are several conditions that must be done by pilgrims, including wearing special clothes and removing footwear.
Then on the south side of the tomb, there is another gate that will lead us to the bathhouse of the royal family called Sendang Seliran.
This bathing place is divided into two pools, one is Sendang Seliran Kakung in the west for men, and the other is Sendang Seliran Putri in the south for women.
Its location is lower than the tomb and mosque complex, making us have to go down a dozen steps to get there.
The legendary Kotagede Mosque is a milestone and an important site of the legacy of the Islamic Mataram Kingdom. He seemed to be hiding from the busy world, in a quiet alley in a traditional Javanese settlement.
But in the midst of silence, we can rediscover the meaning of religious tolerance, which is not only concerned with hablumminallah, but also hablumminannas.