A typical West Sumatra (Sumbar) traditional house with a square shape and a tapered roof resembling a buffalo horn. Called the rumah gadang.
Collected from various sources, the traditional house of West Sumatra or the rumah gadang is not only a place to live, but can also be a place for family gatherings, traditional wedding parties, and a place for community meetings.
The traditional house of West Sumatra has now become a tourist attraction for tourists, both domestic and foreign tourists. In order for more total tourists, usually the rumah gadang manager provides rental of traditional clothes.
The typical houses of West Sumatra seem to be the same as each other, but it turns out that the rumah gadang has seven different types.
Although they differ, the traditional houses have something in common, namely they are built of wood that is termite resistant, earthquake resistant even though they do not use nails, have separate food barns, and roofs that are ideal for the tropics.
Here are 7 types of traditional houses in West Sumatra:
1. Rumah Gadang Gajah Maharam
Rumah gadang Gajah Maharam is one of the luxurious traditional houses of West Sumatra. The condition for building it is that the house must face north with the walls on the east, west and south sides covered with sasak.
The entire building is made of quality wood. The roof is made of zinc. This traditional house consists of 4 rooms with typical Minangkabau carvings as decorations for the room doors.
This traditional house requires at least 30 support poles. Because of the large number of pillars, the elephant Maharam type traditional house is said to be earthquake resistant.
2. Rumah Gadang Gonjong Anam
This is the Gonjong Anam or commonly called the Minang traditional house. The shape of the building is similar to the Rumah Gadang Gajah Maharam.
The difference is, this traditional house has been modified with the addition of typical Minangkabau carvings so that it becomes a flat building. The traditional house of Gonjong Anam has a building that is more modern than other traditional West Sumatra houses.
The bales use boards instead of woven bamboo. Meanwhile, there are more windows so that more lighting can enter the house.
3. Rumah Gadangg Gonjong Ampek Baanjuang
This traditional house can be found in the Luhak Nan Tigo area. The Ampek Baanjuang traditional house is a traditional sign for the local community.
Ampek means four, this traditional house building has four gojongs on the roof and has more than seven rooms. Its characteristic is that this traditional house building has an additional platform on the left and right side of the building.
4. Gonjong is busy with clothes
This West Sumatra traditional house has a characteristic shape that is similar to the cleavage of the traditional West Sumatra traditional dress. This traditional house still imitates the model of the Gadang Gajah Maharam house. The basic ingredients for making it are wood and sasak.
5. Rumah Gadang Batingkek
This rumah gadang building model is similar to the Gajah Maharam gadang house. In Indonesian, Rumah Gadang Batingkek means a terraced gadang house. What is meant by multilevel is the gonjong which has multiple levels.
In the past, these traditional houses were often found in Padang. But getting here, this traditional house model is starting to be rare.
6. Rumah Gadang Gonjong Limo
What makes this traditional house building different is the addition of gonjong on the left and right of the building. These traditional houses are often found in Payakumbuh City, Padang.
Rumah Gadang Gonjong Limo is similar to Gajah Maharam, except that it does not have a bridge.
7. Rumah Gadang Surambi Papek
Compared to other rumah gadang, Gadang Surambi Papek is arguably the most different. This West Sumatra traditional house has a left and right ending which is called bapamokok or papek in Minang language which means entrance from behind.
So, guests who want to enter must go through the back door of the house. Now, as time goes by, many Gadang Surambi Papek houses have front doors.
(bnl / fem)